Most charitable nations (2017): Myanmar & Indonesia in 1st & 2nd, while China & Yemen came in 138th & 139th. Data is based on response for % of money donated, volunteering time, & helping strangers.
TIL: Stalin's eldest son, Yakov, was captured by the Nazi's during the Battle of Smolensk, in 1941. The Germans offered a prisoner exchange to obtain Field Marshall Friedrich Paulus from the Soviets for Yakov. Stalin turned down the offer saying"I will not trade a Marshal for a Lieutenant."
TIL: During the 7th Crusade, Pope Innocent IV sent an envoy to Karakorum, capital of the Mongol Empire, to establish the Franco-Mogol alliance, to desperately provide support in the Holy Land. The Mongols would later send 60,000 soldiers to help the remaining Crusader force in 1304.
TIL: The Crusaders didn't just attack Muslim cities (and Jewish towns) - they also sacked in 1204 the capital of the Byzantine Empire and the center of Christendom in the East: Constantinople
TIL: Centuries before the start of the African slave trade, in 1306, the Christian Ethiopian king- Wedem Arad- sent an envoy of 30 ambassadors to Spain to negotiate an alliance against (mutual) Muslim kingdoms.
TIL: Hitler wasn't German, Stalin wasn't Russian, and Napoleon wasn't French. They were born in Austria, Georgia, and Corsica respectively. Napoleon, for instance, only learned French at age 10.
TIL: There's a parasite found in cat feces called T. gondii which can cause permanent personality changes in humans and is associated with higher rates of schizophrenia, suicide & other neurological conditions.
TIL: Considered one of the "most valuable" atomic spies - Klaus Fuchs worked on the Manhattan Project, and then provided intelligence first to the British (illegally in 1946), then to the Soviets (1947), and finally to the Chinese (1959). All three of these countries eventually obtained nukes.
TIL: While most people associate the colonization of Africa to be with European powers - Oman colonized Zanzibar for nearly 200 years, eventually moving its own capital there in 1840 - to Stonetown - making it one of the wealthiest cities in East Africa.
TIL: A survivor of the Pulaski steamship disaster, which occurred off the coast of NC on June 14, 1838, said that the boiler exploded at 11 PM that evening, killing most people onboard (including a US congressman). Yesterday, divers discovered this watch at the ship's wreckage, stuck at 11:05 PM.
TIL: Only 91 of the 3,715 animals in the Berlin Zoo survived World War II. After the Soviet occupation of Berlin, most of these remaining animals were eaten by Red Army soldiers or simply "dissapeared".
TIL: There is a fully intact Roman wine bottle sitting in Germany from the year 350 AD. It's fully drinkable but the Romans added a significant amount of thick olive oil as a preservative.
TIL: In Nov 1938, 94% of Americans dissaproved of Hitler's treatment of Jews, but only 29% were in favor of allowing additional Jewish refugees to immigrate to the US. Even after the Holocaust, and the knowledge that 6 million Jews were murdered, only 30% still approved of Jewish immigration.
TIL: Around 100 years ago, one could board a train in London and arrive in Baghdad or even Cairo (and see the pyramids). Despite all the technical advances made in transportation, these routes are completely impossible today. [659 x 439]
Around 100 years ago, one could board a train in London and arrive in Baghdad or even Cairo (and see the pyramids). Despite all the technical advances made in transportation, these routes are completely impossible today.
ELI5: Why are cities like Nagasaki & Hiroshima safe to live in today, despite having nuclear bombs dropped on them ~70 years ago? Their population returned to the pre-war level even 10 years after the bombs were dropped.
TIL: Fire alarms have no connection to fire sprinklers. When the air in a room heats to a certain temperature, it causes a bulb (filled with alcohol) to shatter, thereby allowing water to be dispensed.
TIL: When Napoleon invaded Ottoman Syria in 1799, a Jew from Damascus led a Muslim army and stopped the French. 20 years later, when Haim Farhi was murdered, his brothers assembled a massive army, conquered much of Northern Israel (reestablishing Jewish rule after 2,000 years), and besieged Acre.